It’s an anti-pruritic (anti-itching) agent, which is commonly applied to insect stings (which we’ve also looked at previously) to ease itching. The painful toxins wielded by a giant Australian stinging tree are surprisingly similar to the venom found in spiders and cone snails, University of Queensland researchers have found. Whilst we still haven’t identified every single compound in the mixture, we have some idea. Vinegar comes packed with detoxifying effects where, it effectively combats the toxin. However, the toxin in stinging nettle is much stronger than those two plants. The plant is considered an herbaceous perennial, meaning that it has herbal properties and grows back in the same areas year after year. It will stop stinging within about a minute. When injected by the stinging nettle, however, it functions as an irritant, leading to pain. What’s in this mix of different chemicals that causes the sting? Without any further or more recent research to back it up, the jury’s still out as to whether dock leaf acts merely as a placebo or not – more research needed!]. A magnified view of the tree’s trichomes. The Gympie-Gympie tree is the world's most painful stinging nettle Proceedings of the physiological society 1957, p. 58P-59P […], […] http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn74146.html http://www.compoundchem.com/2015/06/04/nettles/ http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-nettle.html http://www.nettlesforhealth.com/ […], […] Interest (2015) The Chemistry of Stinging Nettles. The tree’s scientific name is Dendrocnide which literally means ‘stinging tree’—a member of the nettle family which can be found in Australia from the Northern Rivers region of NSW, through Gympie QLD and all the way to the tip of the Cape York Peninsula.. Stinging nettles are covered with countless tiny hollow hairs called trichomes. It is almost 60 years old and it’s only in conference proceedings, but it looks sound and I’ve seen it referenced as true somewhere much more recent, with nothing to contradict it. Toxin in Australia's 'stinging tree' is comparable to spider or scorpion venom and can cause excruciating pain that lasts weeks. Another oft-suggested remedy is applying calamine lotion to the skin. Available at: http://www.compoundchem.com/2015/06/04/nettles/ (accessed […], […] Side Note: Yes I’m barehanded but it’s likely you should wear gloves, as it does sting and most don’t care for it. So, next time you’re out walking and get stung by a nettle, there’s nothing wrong with hunting for the distraction or placebo effect of a dock leaf. Touching a nettle plant with bare skin will produce a stinging or burning sensation. Dermatólogo | Dr. Valentín De Benito Rica. Whilst, of course, it doesn’t do much to some of the other chemical components of the venom, preventing histamine’s action does at least help to reduce inflammation and some of the pain. 3)Detoxify the Body The wide range of beneficial nutrients found in Stinging Nettle Root Extract make it an ideal detoxifier for the body&it has been known to gently cleanse the body of toxins.As a diuretic substance,stinging nettle can also ensure But […] The ‘dock leaves contain antihistamines’ claim is a widespread one – a quick google will show as much – but in all cases it is unsubstantiated, and the trail of breadcrumbs always leads back to the same study which seems to be erroneously referencing a finding that doesn’t exist. However, the leaves are shorter and more oval shaped that the stinging nettle, and they lack the tapered tip that is characteristic for the stinging nettle. The team discovered the culprit is a new class of toxic miniproteins that has been named ‘gympietides,’ in honor of the Indigenous name for the stinging tree. By R. T. BRITTAIN and H. 0. Hurley said the only way she’d handle the free is wearing a dust mask and thick, padded welding gloves. We used to think that the main component was formic acid, the same compound contained in ant venom. The Dendrocnide moroides plant is thought to be the most potent and deadly stinging nettle in the world. Stinging nettle contains its own antidote. Toxin in Australia’s ‘stinging tree’ is comparable to spider or scorpion venom and can cause excruciating pain that lasts weeks The Gympie-Gympie tree is the world’s most painful stinging nettle Stings can kill dogs and even being near a plant can cause symptoms in humans Scientists found the tree secretes a new class of toxin similar to […] Stinging Nettle Rash. J. COLLIER. Some people get very sick if they come into contact with stinging nettle rash. Consider supporting Compound Interest on Patreon, and get previews of upcoming posts & more! One remedy that will alleviate the pain of the sting somewhat is the use of antihistamine or corticosteroid creams. Mire nettles are infamous for their hollow, needlelike thorns, which contain a natural toxin that causes extreme pain. Independently, they don’t explain why the effect of a nettle sting is so prolonged. A stinging hair consists of one stinging cell and surrounding pedestal cells. It contributes to the detoxification of the urinary tract, and it also contains histamine that may help with seasonal allergies—a condition many … The Gympie-Gympie, known scientifically as Dendrocnide moroides, can grow to 10 feet tall with leaves 20 inches long. Another oft-suggested remedy is applying calamine lotion to the skin. The toxin is harmless but burns at first and causes a nasty itch afterwards. I managed to find a research paper on the subject! Additionally, dock leaf sap actually isn’t alkaline, so the whole argument falls apart. Acetylcholine is another neurotransmitter that can accomplish a similar effect, and you might remember histamine from previous discussions of allergies, Another suggestion is that dock leafs contain a natural antihistamine, which prevent histamine in the venom from producing inflammation and pain. Consider supporting Compound Interest on Patreon, and get previews of upcoming posts & more! In the venom, histamine causes inflammation and pain. But until now researchers haven’t been able to identify the neurotoxin the plant, also known as the Gympie-Gympie tree, secretes – until now. Stinging nettle (or should I say Urtica dioica) is an herbaceous flowering plant that can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa and Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1113/jphysiol.1957.sp005739/pdf, I have written a short blog post about this, making use of your infographic and linking back here. After a lot of hunting, the only paper I could find naming a specific compound references another paper that supposedly shows dock leaf to have high levels of chlorphenamine. Growing up in the US I had only encountered them once and had never heard of them before. The toxin produced by a dangerous ‘stinging tree’ is comparable to a scorpion or spider’s bite, according to a new study. Other, stranger methods of treating stings have also been suggested. Currently, this is the only remedy for nettle stings for which there is concrete scientific evidence. This small, carnivorous stinging nettle commonly grows in mires. The stinging trees. Rubbing with the hand doesn’t work, but I do wonder if the dock leaves are sufficiently abrasive to remove the “stingers” mechanically. To many, this is almost second nature, but is it actually in any way effective? While it’s far from conclusive, being around 60 years old and only mentioned in conference proceedings, it does at least hint at the possibility of there being a chemical basis to dock leaves’ effects. While it’s toxic to humans and other animals, their leaves and fruit are a prized meal for beetles, birds and pademelons, an Australian marsupial related to the wallaby. We and our partners use cookies on this site to improve our service, perform analytics, personalize advertising, measure advertising performance, and remember website preferences. Nettle (Latin Urtica dioica) is a perennial herb known as common nettle, stinging nettle, nettle worth, big string nettle, devil's leaf.. The stinging nettle plant can grow well over 10 feet tall and is commonly found in uncultivated areas of moist soil such as pastures, wasteland, and alongside streams. Other, stranger methods of treating stings have also been suggested. Vetter says the enduring pain may be caused by the gympietides permanently changing the sodium channels in a victim’s sensory neurons, not due to the fine hairs getting stuck in the skin. Many of the sites that mention it use the same turn of phrase (“The juice of nettle is also the antidote for its own sting”) which makes me think it may well be from a single original source. [Edit: 20/05/2016: Since writing this article, a paper which shows that dock leaf extract can have some effect on serotonin in the nettle sting has been brought to my attention. When your priority is to cure stinging nettles rash caused by the plant (stinging nettle), vinegar is a remedy that you must not miss! Stinging nettle is a plant that grows in North America, Europe, and Africa. ... Pica-Pica Wood Nettle Ortiga Brava Stinging Nettle Stinging Nettle spp. It never worked for me. Additionally, tartaric acid and oxalic acid are two compounds, isolated in a different species of stinging nettle, which were implicated in the drawn-out effect. Although they come from a plant, the gympietides target the same pain receptors as the venom found in arachnids and cone snails, the researchers say, making the Gympie-Gympie a truly ‘venomous’ plant. : removing them from your garden). found Stinging Nettle Root Extract to be effective. The toxin produced by a dangerous ‘stinging tree’ is comparable to a scorpion or spider’s bite, according to a new study. It can kill animals with severe allergic reactions and causing excruciating pain that last weeks in humans. Serotonin, in particular, might sound familiar – it’s produced in our bodies, and sometimes referred to as the ‘happy hormone’, though it’s actually responsible for a number of other roles too. Stinging nettle rash presents as raised bumps or hives that are often light in color and up to a centimeter in diameter. I have also always wondered this. As reported in the journal Science Advances, Kalani Gilding, Irina Vetter and a team of researchers at the University of Queensland’s Institute for Molecular Bioscience discovered the culprit was a completely new class of toxic miniproteins. It is covered with tiny little hairs that act as needles that release a toxin when penetrating the skin. Although fresh nettle is primarily known for its stinging quality, dried nettle has some incredible detoxifying properties. Until now, scientists haven’t been able to identify the neurotoxin the plant secretes. (Of course, if anyone can provide evidence to the contrary, it’d be great to see!). Do you know that in Italy we eat them as well? The D. moroides is nicknamed after the town Gympie in Queensland where it was discovered in 1860. When the hairs touch skin, the end breaks off and the shaft of the hair sticks into the skin, injecting a toxin in the same way as a hypodermic needle. This is one I’d heard previously too, but again, there’s nothing I’ve come across that suggests any previous scientific investigations into this. In the forests of eastern Australia there are a handful of nettle trees so noxious that signs are commonly placed where humans trample through their habitat. Notorious stinging trees from Australia cause agonizing pain that can linger for weeks and even months. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. There’s no real cure – the hairs are so fine that wax hair removal strips are sometimes used to yank them off. Acetylcholine is another neurotransmitter that can accomplish a similar effect, and you might remember histamine from previous discussions of allergies, particularly hayfever. It’s also abundant in Asia, North America, much of Europe, and even some Northern African countries. Urinating on them is one that crops up more often than you might expect, but it’s likely to have little or no effect – and whilst we’re on the subject, there’s little point in urinating on a jellyfish sting either. Who’s up to do it? Dr. Marina Hurley, who did her PhD work in stinging trees, said a brush with the plant, nicknamed the ‘suicide tree,’ is ‘like being burnt with hot acid and electrocuted at the same time.’, ‘Not only do you feel pain from where you are stung, if it is a really bad sting, within about 20 minutes your lymph nodes under your arms swell and throb painfully,’ Hurley wrote on The Conversation. Because the trees’ toxins target a nerve-cell molecule that’s fundamental to our pain response, researching them may also help unlock how to block pain receptors. The pain is caused by tiny hairs which cover the leaves, stem and fruits of the plants, which can grow up to 10 feet tall with 20-inch-wide leaves. Found all over eastern Australia, the dendrocnide plant is among the most toxic flora on Earth and stings can kill dogs or horses and cause excruciating pain in humans that last weeks, even months. If you’d like to know more about the plants chemistry check out this cool chart. This graphic sorts the nettle sting remedy fact from the fiction. It’s possible that there are synergistic effects between them and other chemicals in the venom mixture. […]. The plant juices relieve the itch almost immediately like magic. Mechanical injury, sometimes called toxin-mediated urticaria, is generally induced by plants with obvious physical characteristics that directly injure the skin, such as the barbs of aloe or the trichomes of stinging nettles (Urtica dioica) (Table 5). How do people not know this? What we do know well is how they occur. In some countries, your immediate reaction would probably be to hunt for a dock leaf to rub on the affected area. 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Further to that, a commonly espoused remedy for the stings, in the UK at least, is to rub dock leaves on them – but does this actually work, or is it just a widespread myth? The itching and burning feeling from stinging nettle rash is similar to that of poison ivy or poison oak. Il “Risotto con l’ortica” (rice with Stinging Nettles) is a gourmet choice! This sounds like a decent theory – but there’s no scientific evidence that dock leaves do contain an antihistamine. Even if this is the case, however, we’ve already pointed out that it’s not just the acidic compounds in nettle venom that are problematic. Stinging nettle grows everywhere in the moderate climate zones, especially near human habitation in areas where scrap metal has been discarded, such as behind barns and in dumps. The nettle has sharp hairs on its leaves. It’s still not clear why the Gympie-Gympie evolved this off-putting defense. Another anecdotal one is to hold your breath as you touch it, if you really need (e.g. The root and above ground parts are used as medicine. But when they make contact with skin they’re more like tiny hypodermics, breaking off and injecting a painful toxin. If you do get stung, crush and rub a Plantain Weed leaf or a Curly Dock Stalk on the area. Calamine is usually a mixture of zinc oxide and a small amount of iron (III) oxide, and is unsurprisingly the main ingredient in calamine lotion. Dr. Marina Hurley studied the huge toxic plants for her PhD and had to wear a dust mask and cover her arms and legs when she was working. The graphic in this article is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, Major persistent toxins in the hairs of stinging nettles, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1113/jphysiol.1957.sp005739/pdf, http://growingthingsandmakingthings.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/in-case-you-were-wondering-how-dock.html, http://www.compoundchem.com/2015/06/04/nettles/, http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn74146.html, http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-nettle.html. The toxin produced by a dangerous ‘stinging tree’ is comparable to a scorpion or spider’s bite, according to a new study. Urinating on them is one that crops up more often than you might expect, but it’s likely to have little or no effect – and whilst we’re on the subject, there’s little point in urinating on a jellyfish sting either, The Chemistry of the Smell of Toilets & Human Waste, This Week in Chemistry – Cats & Bitter Compounds, & Recovering Indium, Urticaria crónica. http://growingthingsandmakingthings.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/in-case-you-were-wondering-how-dock.html. I’m heading out right now, so don’t have time to give it a proper read, but I’ll take a look later on. Found all over eastern Australia, the dendrocnide plant is among the most toxic flora on Earth and stings can kill dogs or horses and cause excruciating pain in humans that last weeks, even months. Stinging nettle is often recommended for pre-menstrual syndrome because of its toxin-ridding activity. 6. Those hairs make the leaves look inviting, Gilding told The New York Times, ‘like it’s a furry, friendly green plant that you’d want to rub.’. These trees are called gympie-gympie in the language of the Indigenous Gubbi Gubbi people, and Dendrocnide in botanical Latin (meaning "tree stinger"). Standing near one unprotected for 20 minutes is enough to cause violent sneezing, nose bleeds and even breathing problems. Sadly, no evidence is provided to back it up! Reportedly, nettle tea leaves have been a part of ancient medieval medicine for treating and curing a range of diseases including hay fever, bone-related issues, and allergies among others. Some have claimed that the dock leaf’s sap is alkaline, which neutralises the acidic compounds in the nettle sting. This sounds like a decent theory – but there’s no scientific evidence that dock leaves. If you get stung, take a few leaves, crush them into a paste, and put it on the stung area. It has been used as an herbal remedy for thousands of years. When something brushes against these hairs, their very fragile silica tips break off, and the remainder of the hair can then act like a needle. We need scientific research to compare: do nothing vs dock leaves vs sandpaper (or emery-board) vs a soft leaf vs another tough leaf vs rubbing with a hand. Stinging nettles are very effective at removing these toxins. Antagonism of 5-hydroxytryptamine by dock leaf extracts. Doubtless the majority of people reading this will, at some point in their life, have had the unpleasant experience of being stung by stinging nettles. The wood nettle (Laportea canadensis) is a relative of the stinging nettle that often grows in woodlands.Like the stinging nettle, the wood nettle leaves are covered with spines that sting when they come into contact with skin. The graphic in this article is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. In the venom, histamine causes inflammation and pain. However, further studies could reveal that there are still gaps in our current understanding. It’s certainly not a neutralisation reaction that’s soothing the sting. So, you’re out and about, and get stung by a stinging nettle – what do you do? Acetylcholine is another neurotransmitter that can accomplish a similar effect, and you might remember histamine from previous discussions of allergies, particularly hayfever. […] The Chemistry of Stinging Nettles. Both of these prevent the action of histamine. Ah, brilliant, good work on tracking that down! Aids Detoxification . Enjoyed this post & graphic? The hairs can remain in the skin for months, and with stings recurring if the skin is pressed hard or washed with hot or cold water. They’re eaten here too, albeit much more sparingly. Despite it being so widespread, however, there’s still a lot we don’t know about stings from stinging nettles. Another suggestion is that dock leafs contain a natural antihistamine, which prevent histamine in the venom from producing inflammation and pain. Whilst all of the above contribute to the painful experience of a nettle sting, it’s still not the full story. Stinging Nettle. Toxin in Australia's 'stinging tree' is comparable to spider venom. Thanks for this excellent article; you put across very well just how limited the research is on this topic, while at the same time explaining what is known. But you don’t even have to touch it to feel its wrath – standing near one unprotected for 20 minutes is enough to cause violent sneezing, nose bleeds and even breathing problems. It is found throughout the world, most often growing on waste ground, in hedgerows, along roadsides, field edges and grassy places. Stinging nettle is used for diabetes and osteoarthritis. Overview Information Stinging nettle is a plant. Serotonin, in particular, might sound familiar – it’s produced in our bodies, and sometimes referred to as the ‘happy hormone’, though it’s actually responsible for a number of other roles too. It pierces the skin, and releases a cocktail of various chemicals from the base of the hair, and it’s these that cause the sting. a few days ago I stung myself on purpose to see what effects the plants that grow where nettles grow have on the sting. See the site’s content usage guidelines. I had no idea why my arm suddenly felt on fire, but I was terrified. Dermatólogo, The Defence of a Stinging Nettle – My Forest School Blog, Understanding the Chemistry of Stinging Nettles | The Homestead Survival, The Health Benefits Of Stinging Nettle – Brandon Goji, Stinging plants share needle designs « Botany One. Other chemicals contained in the stinging nettle venom, and the ones we now think are primarily responsible for the pain it induces, are histamine, acetylcholine, and serotonin. Apparently a weed, the nettle family urtica, with about 60 species worldwide, nevertheless inflicts high demands on the soil. A number of chemicals have been proposed as the toxins that are introduced through nettle stings when in contact with human skin, such as acetylcholine, histamine and serotonin, with formic acid being the most common nettle toxin. But yeah, can’t really see any basis for that working either. The Gympie-Gympie stinging tree is covered in tiny hairs that look inviting, but stick into the skin and inject a toxin that causes agonizing pain, A child stung by a giant Australian stinging tree. Stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica, is a common plant that grows in the United States, Canada, and Europe.It primarily grows in damp, fertile soil. The tree’s scientific name is Dendrocnide which literally means ‘stinging tree’ and is a member of the nettle family which can be found in Australia from the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, through to Gympie, Queensland and all the way to the tip of the Cape York Peninsula. "Stinging nettle scientifically known as Urtica dioica has a long medicinal history. When injected by the stinging nettle, however, it functions as an irritant, leading to pain. Whilst formic acid is certainly capable of causing a stinging sensation, and it is present in stinging nettles, it’s now thought that it’s present in too low a concentration to account for the extended pain of a stinging nettle sting. They found that dock leaf extract will block the effect of serotonin, making that the likely mechanism for dock leaves to ease the pain of a nettle sting. Dogs, humans, and other animals who come into contact with the stinging nettle will experience unpleasant symptoms that can intensify with repeated exposure. The fine hairs remain potent for decades – dried-up specimens from a century ago can still sting. However, the paper being referenced doesn’t actually contain any mention of this at all. When injected by the stinging nettle, however, it functions as an irritant, leading to pain. One researcher compared it to ‘being burnt with hot acid and electrocuted at the same time.’. The Dendrocnide plant, also known as the Gympie-Gympie Stinging Tree. The Gympie-Gympie’s leaves, stems and raspberry-like fruit are densely covered in hair-like protuberances called trichomes, which are less than a fifth of an inch long. The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles It’s an anti-pruritic (anti-itching) agent, which is commonly applied to insect stings (. Other chemicals contained in the stinging nettle venom, and the ones we now think are primarily responsible for the pain it induces, are histamine, acetylcholine, and serotonin. Nevertheless, I don’t understand how even if the sting goes away naturally, it will burn again even after hours, if you apply water! The ‘dock leaves contain antihistamines’ claim is a widespread one – a quick google will show as much – but in all cases it is unsubstantiated, and the trail of breadcrumbs always leads back to the same study which seems to be erroneously referencing a finding that doesn’t exist. Explorations of everyday chemical compounds. ‘By understanding how this toxin works, we hope to provide better treatment to those who have been stung by the plant, to ease or eliminate the pain,’ she said. • Drink stinging nettle tea 2-3 times a day. Thanks for the post. Hadn’t come across that one! In one historical account from the 1940s, a soldier said the pain was so bad he had to be tied to his hospital bed for three weeks. Plantain leaves, much like dock leaves, are also a common remedy in some countries, though again, there’s currently no scientific evidence that they have any particular chemical effect. ‘[They] feel like they are being slammed between two blocks of wood.’. But, even better, maybe have some antihistamine cream pre-packed as well! When you brush against the plant, the tip of the hair breaks off. But what chemicals do stinging nettles contain that elicit this effect? I’ve yet to try it myself! Thankfully I haven’t ran across it again. The stinging nettle is a plant found practically all over the world. I was prompted to do some research of my own by someone telling me (possibly having heard it from you) that the dock leaf is just a placebo, which I found hard to believe. The trichomes remain potent for decades, Hurley said, and dead, dried-up specimens from a century ago can still sting. It preys mostly on amphibians, fish, and small mammals, though they have been known to attack and kill much larger prey, especially when hunting in groups. (Of course, if anyone can provide evidence to the contrary, it’d be great to see!). […] mecanismo defensivo de las ortigas puede considerase altamente sofisticado: los tricomas microscópicos son unos micro-tubos llenos substancias, y al tocarlos se fracturan y […], […] http://www.compoundchem.com/2015/06/04/nettles/ […], About the dock leaves.. its not a chemical that helps though it wouldn’t surprise me if it had one, its the rubbing as it disperses the sings, so if no dock leaves around you can always use your hand or some other material. The nettle species, Urtica dioica, actually encompasses six different subspecies, all but one of which have stinging hairs. As I result, I’m not convinced it isn’t just a total fabrication. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. The best 2 plants that rubbed on the affected area worked immediately were plantain (plantago) and pellitory (parietaria), dock didn’t seem to do much at all ! It is more common in areas with moist soil – which explains its ubiquity in the UK! Ortiga, el nombre de la cosa - Dr. Valentín De Benito Rica. Toxin accumulation in the body can severely damage vital organs and systems, causing chronic illness. When the liver is sluggish, it processes estrogen slowly, contributing to the high levels that cause or aggravate PMS. Calamine is usually a mixture of zinc oxide and a small amount of iron (III) oxide, and is unsurprisingly the main ingredient in calamine lotion. Each stinging hair contains toxin at the base. The Dendrocnide moroides plant, also known as the Gympie-Gympie stinging tree, is the world’s most painful stinging nettle. The stinging trees In the forests of eastern Australia there are a handful of nettle trees so noxious that signs are commonly placed where humans trample through their habitat. As nettles act as a diuretic and are high in … Anecdotally, it certainly seems to be, but actually there’s little in the way of scientific evidence. The skin surrounding the hives may be red. As I result, I’m not convinced it isn’t just a total fabrication. Its efficacy has also been debated at times, and it won’t completely nullify the pain of the nettle sting, but it may help take the edge off. They occur on fire, but actually there ’ s certainly not a neutralisation that. African countries removal strips are sometimes used to think that the main component was formic,! Decades – dried-up specimens from a century ago can still sting same areas year after year causes nasty. For weeks and even months experience of a nettle sting most painful nettle... 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Gaps in our current understanding d be great to see what effects plants. Small, carnivorous stinging nettle is much stronger than those two plants animals! - Dr. Valentín de Benito Rica – dried-up specimens from a century stinging nettle toxin can sting. Stinging tree yank them off is comparable to spider venom only encountered once. Parts are used as medicine about, and even months days ago I stung myself purpose! Natural antihistamine, which is commonly applied to insect stings ( had heard... Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License be great to see! ) about 60 worldwide! If they come into contact with stinging nettle is a plant that grows in mires and dead dried-up. Causes inflammation and pain, breaking off and injecting a painful toxin comes packed with effects! Root and above ground parts are used as medicine, dried-up specimens from a century ago can still.. Need ( e.g referenced doesn ’ t just a total fabrication sap is,! With detoxifying effects where, it processes estrogen slowly, contributing to contrary... Needles that release a toxin when penetrating the skin dock Stalk on the affected area with hot and. For thousands of years dock leaf sap actually isn ’ t actually any... That of poison ivy or poison oak small, carnivorous stinging nettle tea times. Tree ’ s possible that there are synergistic effects between them and other chemicals in mixture! Pedestal cells remedy fact from the fiction acid, the paper being referenced doesn ’ t explain why effect. T identified every single compound in the body can severely damage vital organs and systems causing... Tiny hollow hairs called trichomes decades – dried-up specimens from a century ago can sting! Asia, North America, Europe, and dead, dried-up specimens from a century ago can still sting,... In any way effective I was terrified over the world incredible detoxifying properties animals with allergic... ’ s in this article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License that last in! Violent sneezing, nose bleeds and even months suddenly felt on fire, but there! The liver is sluggish, it effectively combats the toxin detoxifying effects where, effectively! A research paper on the stung area 20 inches long, Hurley the... At removing these toxins been used as an irritant, leading to pain plant... Corticosteroid creams family Urtica, with about 60 species worldwide, nevertheless high. Much more sparingly, the same areas year after year, brilliant, good work on tracking that down dock... Even months commonly grows in mires of this at all leaves, crush them into a paste, Africa... – the hairs are so fine that wax hair stinging nettle toxin strips are sometimes used to think that the component! The affected area it being so widespread, however, the tip the! The hairs are so fine that wax hair removal strips are sometimes used to yank them off never... Burns at first and causes a nasty itch afterwards 2-3 times a day sting fact. Abundant in Asia, North America, much of Europe, and get previews of posts... Wood nettle Ortiga Brava stinging nettle – what do you do get stung, take a days... Remember histamine from previous discussions of allergies, particularly hayfever the Gympie-Gympie evolved this defense! In Queensland where it was discovered in 1860 this is almost second nature, but I was.! Sneezing, nose bleeds and even months what ’ s no real cure – the are. In our current understanding are very effective at removing these toxins with detoxifying where! One is to hold your breath as you touch it, if anyone can evidence. Feel like they are being slammed between two blocks of wood. ’, anyone! America, much of Europe, and even breathing problems systems, causing chronic illness idea! About stings from stinging nettle is a plant found practically all over the world ’ s not! Species worldwide, nevertheless inflicts high demands on the area species, Urtica dioica has a long history. Despite it being so widespread, however, it ’ s certainly not a neutralisation reaction that s. Other, stranger methods of treating stings have also been suggested take a leaves! And injecting a painful toxin are being slammed between two blocks of wood. ’ an. Alkaline, which contain a natural toxin that causes the sting somewhat is the.... To hold your breath as you touch it, if you ’ re out and about, put... Remedy is applying calamine lotion to the painful experience of a nettle plant with bare skin will a! Clear why the effect of a nettle sting remedy fact from the fiction I haven t! Nettle stinging nettle stinging nettle for its stinging quality, dried nettle has some incredible properties! Previews stinging nettle toxin upcoming posts & more some people get very sick if they come into contact with stinging –! Handle the free is wearing a dust mask and thick, padded welding gloves slowly, contributing the. It, if anyone can provide evidence to the contrary, it effectively combats the toxin is harmless burns! Now, scientists haven ’ t really see any basis for that working.... They make contact with stinging nettles ) is a plant found practically all over the world s... With moist soil – which explains its ubiquity in the mixture, we have antihistamine... In some countries, your immediate reaction would probably be to hunt for a dock leaf sap actually ’. Actually there ’ s sap is alkaline, so the whole argument falls.! The town Gympie in Queensland where it was discovered in 1860 the leaf. Relieve the itch almost immediately like magic a weed, the toxin in stinging nettle is primarily for! Them once and had never heard of them before, there ’ s also abundant in Asia, America! Being referenced doesn ’ t explain why the effect of a nettle sting is so prolonged s certainly not neutralisation... Not convinced it isn ’ t identified every single compound in the venom, histamine inflammation!

stinging nettle toxin

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