1. Dispersal "strategies" for plants Resistant seeds, spores (floating on salt water) Tiny size for distant transport by wind hitchhikers (phoresy): hooks, hairs for transport by animals animal hitchhikers: flower mites in hummingbird noses 2-LS2-2 addresses developing a simple model that mimics the function of an animal in dispersing seeds or pollinating plants. Animals as Dispersal Agents. In this article we will discuss about the six main types of dispersal of animals. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the two major barriers to dispersal of animals. E.g. Large bodies of water: ADVERTISEMENTS: This is the most effective barrier to almost all […] In creating animal, students are provided with an opportunity to show that they comprehend how animals disperse seeds to help with creating new plants. The method they use depends on the type of seed. Physical Barrier 2. (1) Gradual Dispersal: Gradual dispersal is secular in nature because it involves longer period of time and very slow rate of migration but such dispersal covers larger areas and results in wide-spread distribution of animals … Researchers have unfolded many covers from the unusual suspects that play a very important and crucial role in dispersing the seeds of the native plant species. There are two types of dispersal: active and passive. The hard seeds inside these fruits pass out of the animal’s body in its droppings. Now we are talking about five different animals here that play a very important role in this dispersal. Biological Barrier. Seeds with attractive fruit or seeds To attract the animals and birds and encourage them to act as seed carriers, plants often surround their seeds with a brightly-coloured and sweet-tasting pulp. Physical Barrier: The land is a barrier to aquatic animals and water is barrier to most land animals. The dispersal of animals is usually linked with a change in abiotic and biotic environmental conditions and in the population size of the animals. – blackberries, strawberries, raspberries and gooseberries The state of a population of a given species, for example, an increase in number that causes greater population density, stimulates the dispersal of the animals. Animals of all sorts and sizes help plants to disperse their seeds. Examples of seed dispersal by animals; Brightly coloured and juicy fruits are often eaten by animals like birds. Plants that depend on animals for dispersal have seeds that are adapted to traveling on the outside or the inside of the animal. The seed dispersal is very crucial to the survival of plants. The barriers are: 1. The distance a disseminule travels by animal transportation, either via ingestion or attachment, is indefinite and depends on the dispersal behavior of their host. This is Lesson 3: Seed Dispersal, from Unit 3 (How Plants Work) in a series of units on plants, animals, and ecosystems. It includes many NGSS correlations for disciplinary core ideas, crosscutting concepts, and science and engineering practices for the lessons, but not all are addressed explicitly in this lesson. The dispersal of African snails to various parts of the world is the example of effective anthropogenic dispersal of animals. Seeds with burrs or hooks can attach to an animal’s fur. Dispersal is when a plant, animal, or other organism moves from where it was created to another site, usually for breeding or growing purposes.