Although no direct use was found for cold fire in Brand's life, people were fascinated with it. Heat that for about 16 hours. Heat that mixture strongly for 16 hours. How do you get phosphorus from urine? ** Nitrogen promotes leafy growth, phosphorus promotes root development and seed germination. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. Browse more videos. Elemental phosphorus exists in two major forms, white phosphorus and red phosphorus, but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth.It has a concentration in the Earth's crust of about one gram per kilogram (compare copper at about 0.06 grams). Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." That's not making red phosphorus, that's separating it from the other junk in match strikers. The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. Test Overview. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. History and Design of the Bathroom Part 7: Putting a Price on Poop and Pee, 13 Natural Solutions for Killing and Deterring Ants, 8 Natural & Homemade Insecticides: Save Your Garden Without Killing the Earth. Then again, Sami, maybe this isn't such a good idea. Alchemists tried anything, but they generally fixated on certain substances. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Phosphorus is an element that is essential for life. First white fumes come off, then an oil, then phosphorus. IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. After a complicated process of boiling and separating and recombining, he utterly failed to come up with gold. Cut out and save all the striking strips. (And keep them in lightproof paper bags - also supplied - of course.) From left to right: white phosphorus, red phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus. He sold the secret to anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the inventor of calculus. No, I didn't have to FILL them all. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. How do you get phosphorus from urine? It was what we now call phosphorus. Feel like doing a lot of horrible things with pee this weekend? Best thing is to go buy it. This cools to form solid phosphorus. The discovery of phosphorus was made when an alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to make gold from urine. The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. 5 years ago | 154 views. Keep it in a room away from people. The oil will come back out, followed by phosphorus fumes. Collis King. Sadly, his chosen path for this increase in wealth was alchemy. Here is a weekend project for Sami, TreeHugger's champion peecycler: make phosphorus from your own urine! Red phosphorus is a non-poisonous, dark red powder that is not very inflammable. 1. Struvite produced from urine can be applied to fields just like any other fertiliser. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. Phosphate is a charged particle (ion) that contains the mineral phosphorus. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. White and red phosphorus are monotropic allotropes – the latter is stable at all temperatures up to its melting point. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. Don't Think Hygge Thoughts, They Are Evil and Unhealthy. Are Flush Toilets Appropriate in Third World Countries? 1. Phosphorous is essential for life, and it's used in most fertilizers. Follow. That sounds like quite an achievement, but Brand's life wasn't one that should, necessarily, be emulated. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. o 2 Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. Loading... How to make white phosphorus - YouTube Red Phosphorus and Violet Phosphorus (Polymeric) Red Phosphorus has more atoms linked together in a network than white phosphorus does, which makes it much more stable. The easiest thing to be got from the body was urine, and Brand, somehow, acquired a lot of it. Under high heat, the oxygen in the phosphate reacts with carbon making carbon monoxide. Phosphorus is essential to plant growth, but there’s a looming shortage, which could leave global agriculture without the fertilizer needed to feed growing populations. A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus is commonly found in inorganic phosphate rocks.. Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element in nature. Report. Humans were alchemical factories, turning ordinary substances like meat and grain into all kinds of things. In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. The former is a waxy, yellowish-white, very inflammable, and poisonous solid. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. It’s estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 … Line up as many matchbook covers as you can cut through with tin snips or good, sharp scissors. Let the rest cool. The phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate present in our body. Some scientists think, with some tweaks to our sanitation system, human urine could be mined for the necessary phosphorus. Forms of it are found in DNA, RNA, and all living cell membranes. Urine is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements. It’s one of the six most abundant elements in any living organism. Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 24 24. Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. Grab that oil! During this week, get … It exists in two major forms – white phosphorus and red phosphorus. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. You want to be careful with your exposure." All the right elements that are necessary in large quantities for plant growth. Oh, and you'd need about 1500 gallons of urine. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. At the time, the only solid test for people not expressing obvious symptoms like my sister was looking for the presence of excess porphyrins in the urine. He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. When the phosphate loses its oxygen, it becomes phosphorus, which at high heat is emitted as a gas. Phosphorus occurs in several allotropicforms, the most common of which are white phosphorus and red phosphorus (see Figure 2). I concur with Wes. He wanted to come up with the philosopher's stone, which turned everyday elements into gold. As soon as he got his hands on her money, he started his experiments again. It can only safely be kept under water. If you did, you'd be following in the footsteps of the least dignified scientist ever. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. In rickets, the amount of phosphorus released in urine increases 2-10 times in comparison with the norm. you can get the ions out of solution by electrolysis like you mentioned before. Let the rest cool. White phosphorus can be converted to red phosphorus, as they, plus the black form, are all allotropes of phosphorus. Heat until a red oil distills up from it, and draw that off. Then he said it: "Urine trouble now! Discard the salt, mix the red oil back into the black material. The buyers sold the secret to others, but it remained valuable and well-kept until 1737, when someone sold it to the Academy of Science in Paris and it was published. Hennig Brand discovered the element of phosphorus in 1669. She didn't have enough money overall — at least not according to Brand — and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. Grab that oil! He did, however, come up with something he called "cold fire." About 30 years ago, my family discovered we had the genetic mutation that could yield porphyria. How do you get phosphorus from urine? The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." His first step was marrying well; he was an officer in the army, but his wife had enough money for him to leave. It's toxic and explosive in its pure form, but chemistry is fun, right? Could Harvesting Urine Ease Demand For Phosphorus? How to make Red Phosphorus Dan Lutes. First, you should allow some urine (preferably your own but I don't judge) to sit in an open container for about a week. It wasn't cheap, and Brand burned through all of his wife's money. Lloyd Alter is Design Editor for Treehugger and teaches Sustainable Design at Ryerson University in Toronto. Brand mourned for a time, and then went in search of another financially secure wife. Put the … Brand capitalized on that — probably to his wife's great relief. Of course, it will take a long time to convert. ". This is thanks to the phosphates in urine. Figure 4: red phosphorus is in safety matches. He returned with 4 - 1 gallon plastic containers and told me I was to use them for a week and return however many were used at the end of the week. For this reason, we now use red phosphorus in matches. Surprisingly, he got one. Boil the urine until it’s a “syrup.” Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. But it could run out. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. Drill 3/4" hole in the lid of the 5 gallon bucket. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. Phosphorus is a chemical element with the symbol P and atomic number 15. Fertilizer, which is a soluble phosphate, is produced by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. Brand (also known as Dr. Teutonicus) evaporated urine and so produced ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate (microcosmic salt), which on heating produces sodium phosphite. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. His steps to discovering this element were undignified, to say the least. Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. However, at ordinary temperatures the conversion of the white allo… He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. Once you have white phosphorus, you can make red phosphorus by adding just a -trace- of iodine to the water under which the white phosphorus must be kept, and putting the jar out in the sunlight. Oh, and keep it under water or it will spontaneously ignite. How to make Red Phosphorus. Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. It’s something that most people wouldn’t even think of trying to do, but back in the mid seventeenth century peoples general knowledge of chemistry was not as advanced as it is today. Channel the phosphorus into water to cool it down. Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. The most pronounced phosphaturia in so-called phosphate diabetes. Terribly rare and precious elements were popular, but so were human fluids. 21 Natural Home Remedies for Cats and Dogs, 10 Awesome and Cheap DIY Projects for Geeks, The Future We Want: The Year in Elon Musk, Tired of Winter? It is not quite as flammable, but given enough energy it still reacts with air. Phosphorus, (IPA: /ˈfɒsfərəs/, Greek: phôs meaning "light", and phoros meaning "bearer"), is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. (NH 4)NaHPO 4 —› NaPO 3 + NH 3 + H 2 O She didn't have to live in poverty only because she was born in the 1600s, and so died young. Playing next. The observed symptoms of rickets in this disease are not amenable to vitamin D therapy, massive phosphaturia in this case is an important sign for the diagnosis. At that stage, the science generally meant doing weird and dangerous things to any substance scientists could get their hands on. 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