Key differences from similar families. Leaves play an important part in plant identification. Origin: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 (ornamental) Distribution. Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. Water your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches (5.1 cm) down. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of Look for a Ficus tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig (F. macrophylla). Laurel fig. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). Both can cause the leaves on your tree to drop. Useful tips for generic identification. Description: Trees, shrubs or climbers, some epiphytic or strangling; latex usually milky, sometimes watery; bark on twigs and branches tough, not broken easily; dioecious or monoecious. Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. 2013, Rayapati et al. and rainforest tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples. The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of wasps. Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. It often has air-roots. Fig & Rainforest Tree Species Identification Photos, Australia. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. Identification keys and field guides to Ficus species - figweb While edible figs (Ficus carica) are grown agronomically for delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercialized for decorative, ornamental purposes (Figure 1).These horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 Female flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary. key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, key to the figs of New Guinea, under Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. 1 a: Root climber; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches; figs pear-shaped, up to 5(7) cm. var sc_invisible=1; The obligate mutualism between fig trees and their pollinating wasps is a classic and much-studied example of symbiosis [9-11]. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL, by Anderson Ferreira P. Machado, The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … F. pumila. Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. The leaves often have a leathery texture and the tree sprouts aerial roots in … Ficus -- also called figs -- are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. The key to identifying fig varieties correctly is using Condit's system of leaf and fruit classifications. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". True fruits achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. Flowers very small. 2014).Disease symptoms such as downward rolling of leaf margins and interveinal discoloration are most likely to be observed late in the season and are more conspicuous on red … 2006, Almeida et al. 1. The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. Look for large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata). Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. How to use this key 1) Use the leaves from a tree or find a picture of a tree you want to identify and click on the most appropriate match to the right. Alan's advice has made this web version of the Rock Key a much better document. var sc_project=2485733; Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. Identify My Houseplant. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . Description Appearance. development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … Figs have a very unusual pollination scheme. Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Make sure you don't overwater this plant. I have successfully used the Rock Identification Key, in a flowchart paper format, with more than 6000 elementary school children for more than 20 years. Identification Key. ex Hornen. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. A huge change has been made for house plant identification, and all of it is positive, moving forward and helping you guys to find more support to identify indoor plants. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and Click on image to view plant details. Ficus microcarpa. Click on image to view plant details. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. (Life; Embryophyta Banyan, (Ficus benghalensis), also called Indian banyan or banyan fig, unusually shaped tree of the mulberry family native to the Indian subcontinent.The banyan reaches a height up to 30 metres (100 feet) and spreads laterally indefinitely. of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website URL: Family: Moraceae; Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. ), the edible fig (Ficus … Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. We now have an open FORUM (no longer just a form that comes to me). Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Jan 13, 2018 - NYC's Premier Adult Allergy and Asthma Practice Male flowers with 1 or 2 stamens. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. Ref. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Ficus Identification. Perianth segments usually 1–5. It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions. enable Java on your web browser, Interactive hillii (Bailey) Corner (Hill's Fig) as a street tree in warmer coastal areas. 2020. The following photos will allow you to identify indoor plants. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. A baker's dozen of optimal varieties could include: Mt Etna (by many names), Ronde de Bordeaux, Brooklyn White, Florea, Longue d'Aout/Nordland, Marseilles, Violette de Bordeaux (by… Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Read More long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate 1. Indonesia (Borneo), by Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Its fleshy fruits are edible. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Galil (1977). Overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. Key to Ficus: cultivated species. Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. Edible Fig Plant Identification by Leaf. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. South Africa. var sc_security="9d3822be". These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. Their flowers are actually produced inside the package (syconium) we think of as the "fig." This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. (plants); Angiospermae In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. 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