Stealing Klimt, released in 2007, features interviews with Altmann and others who were closely involved with the case from E. Randol Schoenberg to Hubertus Czernin. The four other works were sold at auction at Christie's and disappeared into private collections. Maria V. Altmann, a Jewish refugee who in her 80s waged a successful legal battle all the way to the United States Supreme Court to force the Austrian government to return paintings by … [13], Similarly to Woman in Gold, Laurie Lico Albanese's 2017 historical fiction novel, Stolen Beauty, tells the story of Maria Altmann and her aunt Adele Bloch-Bauer. [6][5][7], With Austria under pressure in the 1990s to re-examine its Nazi past, the Austrian Green Party helped pass a new law in 1998 introducing greater transparency into the hitherto murky process of dealing with the issue of restitution of artworks looted during the Nazi period. At this stage she asked only for the Klimt landscapes belonging to her family, and was willing to allow Austria to keep the portraits. Before Adele died in 1925, she wrote a will requesting that her husband should bequeath their five Klimt paintings to the nation. (AP Photo/Nam Huh) Altmann, then living in Los Angeles, never thought she would actually gain control of her native country's most prized artistic possession. If there was an affair, it was probably short-lived. Maria Altmann was born on February 18, 1916 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary as Maria Viktoria Bloch-Bauer. Soon afterwards, she sold the most famous of them, the portrait of her aunt Adele Bloch-Bauer dressed in gold against a golden background, to the Neue Galerie in Manhattan, New York, for $135m (£73m), a world record for a painting at that time. The case was fought against the background of the ongoing international movement to seek reparations for the Nazi plunder of art, which consists initially of listing all works with a provenance that ends abruptly between 1933 and 1945. Her … It was then that Maria learned that her family's paintings had been stolen by the Nazis, not donated to the Austrian State Gallery by her aunt. In 2000, Altmann filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Central District of California under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA). Maria Altmann and her husband fled their homeland when the Nazi regime came to Austria and threatened their lives. Frail, dark, beautiful, always with a headache. Maria Altmann (February 18, 1916 – February 7, 2011) was an Austrian-American Jewish refugee from Austria, who fled her home country after it was occupied by the Nazis. Altmann is survived by her sons, Charles, James and Peter, a daughter, Margie, six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Altmann had begun her fight at the age of 82, when she learned from the tenacious Austrian investigative journalist Hubertus Czernin that he believed the title to the paintings to be hers. ... To Altmann, her Aunt Adele was a serious woman, one who had no use for children … Fritz died in 1994. Altmann is also portrayed in a memoir by her caregiver Gregor Collins, called The Accidental Caregiver: How I Met, Loved, and Lost Legendary Holocaust Refugee Maria Altmann. The name Maria Altmann has over 3 birth records, 1 death records, 1 criminal/court records, 9 address records, 2 phone records and more. By this time, five of the paintings, Buchenwald (1903), Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907), Schloss Kammer am Attersee III (1910), Adele Bloch-Bauer II (1912), Apfelbaum I (1912) and Häuser in Unterach am Attersee (1916), had made their way into the possession of the Austrian government. By opening the archives of the Ministry of Culture for the first time, the new law enabled Austrian investigative journalist Hubertus Czernin to discover that, contrary to what had been generally assumed, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer had never donated the paintings to the state museum.[5]. Share. 1916 - 2011 { "" } Share. Maria Altmann, at her home in Los Angeles on Jan. 9, 2004, stands before a poor reproduction of famed Austrian painter Gustav Klimt's "The Portrait of Adele Bloch Bauer I." She grew up visiting her uncle and aunt's grand house on Elisabethstrasse, filled with pictures, tapestries, elegant furniture and a collection of fine porcelain, all of which was appropriated by the Nazis, along with the family's sugar refinery, after they marched into Vienna. The works included another later and finer portrait of Adele. Born in 1842 and died in 1909 Blenker, Wisconsin Maria Altmann Yet the paintings hung in the Austrian Gallery at Belvedere palace, in Vienna, with a placard inscribed: "Adele Bloch-Bauer 1907, bequeathed by Adele and Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. It reaches everywhere: the National Gallery in London has a long list of questionable provenances, including the famous panel by Lucas Cranach, Cupid Complaining to Venus, which during the second world war was in Hitler's personal collection. Documents of Maria Altmann (born Haas) Mary Altmann 1884 Mary Altmann in 1920 United States Federal Census. Altmann is survived by her sons, Charles, James and Peter, a daughter, Margie, six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Maria Altmann was a 21-year-old newlywed when the Gestapo seized her hus band, Fritz, and sent him to the Dachau concentration camp in an effort to force his brother to turn over a textile factory. Maria launched her efforts to reclaim some of her family's paintings in 1998 at the age of 82, as indicated in the Woman in Gold movie. Maria passed away on month day 1962, at age 77 at death place. • Maria Viktoria Altmann… In her will, Adele, who died in 1925, well before the rise of the Nazis, had asked her husband to leave the Klimts to the Austrian State Gallery upon his own death; a much-debated point in more recent years has been whether this request should or should not be considered legally binding upon her husband, who was himself the owner of the paintings. Since July 13, 2006, the painting has been on public display in the Neue Galerie in New York City, which was established by Lauder in 2001. The four additional works by Klimt were also exhibited at the Neue Gallerie for several weeks in 2006.[9]. But nothing had been as spectacular as the Altmann case. Maria became the face of cashmere in California and eventually started her own clothing business. • Maria Viktoria Altmann, shop owner and litigant, born 18 February 1916; died 7 February 2011, She wrested back from Austria five Klimt masterpieces looted by the Nazis, Maria Altmann in 2005 with the recovered Klimt painting of her aunt Adele. In any event, following the Nazi Anschluss of 1938 and Ferdinand's flight from Austria, the paintings were looted, initially falling into the hands of a Nazi lawyer. [5][8] On 16 January 2006, the arbitration panel ruled that Austria was legally required to return the art to Altmann and the other family heirs, and in March of the same year Austria returned the paintings. At the time, the five paintings were estimated to be worth approximately US$135 million, making the filing fee over $1.5 million. It was published on August 15, 2012,[4] and documents Collins's and Altmann's chance meeting and three years together, ending at her death in 2011. Anna Maria Fliegerbaur 1741 - Unknown. In 1937, Maria married Fredrick "Fritz" Altmann. In 2006 Maria Altmann, who has died aged 94, won possession of five paintings by Gustav Klimt that had been seized by the Nazis in 1938. She was married to Friedrich Altmann. All those years later, the lawyer who handled Altmann's case was E Randol Schoenberg, the composer's grandson. [14], United States District Court for the Central District of California, The Accidental Caregiver: How I Met, Loved, and Lost Legendary Holocaust Refugee Maria Altmann, National Fund of the Republic of Austria for Victims of National Socialism, Adele Bloch-Bauer German Wikipedia article, Ferdinant Bloch-Bauer German Wikipedia article. Records: 23 Born in Reichenberg, Bohemia, Austria on 25 NOV 1778 to Franz Altmann and Katharina Trenkler. Her inspirational life story unfolds her successful quest in reclaiming five of her family-owned paintings from government of Austria that were seized by the Nazis during Second World War. Remembering Maria Altmann, Holocaust Hero Who Won Back Klimt Paintings. Some art historians claim that if you compare the … Daughter of Moritz Bauer and Jeanette Bauer Wife of Dr.jur. On learning of Czernin's findings, Altmann at first sought to negotiate with the Austrian government about retrieving some of the paintings. Maria took the sweater to Kerr's Department Store in Beverly Hills and attracted a multitude of buyers in California and across the United States for Bernhard Altmann's cashmere sweaters. Adele's Wish, released in 2008 by filmmaker Terrence Turner, features interviews with Altmann, Schoenberg, and leading experts from around the world. In monetary terms this represented the largest single return of Nazi-looted art in Austria. After this decision, Altmann and Austria agreed to binding arbitration by a panel of three Austrian judges. fate took revenge: he was assigned to the apparel trade, installing many a system for my customers. Collins travels around the world speaking at various venues about their unusual relationship. They made a harrowing escape, leaving behind their home, loved ones, and property, including jewelry that later found its way into the collection of Hermann Göring. They left their loved ones, their property, and everything that was in it--including their family’s artwork. Maria Catharina Altmann married Valentin Schutze and had 6 children. Lorenz Altmann 1743 - 1812. Instead, her counsel settled for arbitration and in 2006 a panel of three Austrian judges ruled in her favour. Spouse(s) Stephan Dullinger 1779 - 1841. Josef Sailer 1758 - 1812. Historical Person Search Search Search Results Results Maria Altmann (1775 - Unknown) ... Maria Altmann married Stephan Dullinger and had 4 children. It turned on the supposed wishes of Ferdinand and Adele. The oldest is a systems engineer at IBM and. In 1940 they moved to Los Angeles, where Fritz worked for the aircraft manufacturer Lockheed. Maria Viktoria Bloch-Bauer was born to Gustav Bloch-Bauer and Therese Bauer on February 18, 1916, in Vienna, Austria. After the war, Altmann’s family tried to get its paintings back, but Austrian authorities claimed Adele’s will had granted them to Austria. Altmann's quiet life ended abruptly in 1998, when Czernin announced his discovery. It fetched £73m in 2006, a world record at the time. Since he and Adele had no children, he left his entire estate to three children of his brother Gustav: Robert, Luise and Maria. The family name was changed to Bloch-Bauer the following year. She died on February 7, 2011 in Cheviot Hills, California, USA. Many of their friends and relatives were either killed by the Nazis or committed suicide. Maria Viktoria Bloch-Bauer was born into a wealthy Jewish family in Vienna. Maria Altmann's cousin, Ruth Rogers-Altmann, made it out of Vienna around the same time and settled in New York. Altmann led a charmed childhood. They had 14 children: Maria Plantsch (born Altmann), Franz Altmann and 12 other children. A share of the money earned through the sale of the pictures was used to found the Maria Altmann Family Foundation, which supports the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust and other public and philanthropic institutions. Although the Austrian courts later reduced this amount to $350,000, this was still too much for Altmann, and she dropped her case in the Austrian court system. Maria, who had no business background, became my most valuable partner and in off-business hours we begot four children (ages 14 - 29 by now) of which none shows inclination for our business. The five Klimt paintings were sold for a total of $330.7m (£180m). Find Maria Altmann in the United States. The proceeds were divided up among several heirs. Fredrick was released and the couple fled for their lives. She was buried at burial place. In total, the four remaining paintings sold at auction for $192.7 million; coupled with the Lauder-bought painting the sum total was approximately $325 million. Maria lives in St. Louis with her husband (whom she met at St. Louis Public Radio) and their two children. Maria Altmann was born Maria Victoria Bloch on February 18, 1916 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, the daughter of Marie Therese (née Bauer 1874–1961) and Gustav Bloch (1862–1938). [4], Altmann became a naturalized American citizen in 1945. Maria Altmann, Adele’s California-based niece and the family heir, sued the Republic of Austria, demanding that the Klimt paintings be returned to her. She is survived by three sons, Charles of Cheviot Hills, Peter of Puget Sound, Wash., and James of Agoura Hills; a daughter, Margie Crain of Solana Beach; and numerous grandchildren and great-grandchildren. ... Born Marie Viktoria Bloch-Bauer in Vienna, she was the youngest of the five children of Therese Bauer and Gustav Bloch. Obituaries appeared in The New York Times, The Guardian, and many other publications internationally.[5][8]. Bloch-Bauer’s niece, Maria Altmann, filed a lawsuit in 2000 to recover the paintings from the Austrian government; the suit came before the Supreme Court in 2004 and was ultimately successful. Parents. In 2004 her action reached the US supreme court, which ruled that she could sue the Austrians. See the article on Altmann at the German-language version of Wikipedia. The Austrian courts proved prohibitively expensive, but she won permission to fight her case through the American courts. Get full address, contact info, background report and more! We found 3 entries for Maria Altmann in the United States. His wife began selling cashmere sweaters from a shop in Beverly Hills, and was so successful that she turned it into a fashion shop and her husband joined her in the business. Months after the Austrian government returned Altmann's family's belongings, she consigned the Klimt paintings to the auction house Christie's to be sold on behalf of her family. [5], Altmann's uncle, Czech sugar magnate Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, owned a small collection of artwork by the Austrian master Gustav Klimt, including two portraits of his wife, Adele Bloch-Bauer. As Klimt's lover, Gustav Mahler's wife, Alma, put it at least as impoliticly: "Klimt's pictures, which had started off in a grand manner, he covered with tinsel rubbish, and his artistic vision sank in gold mosaics and ornaments.". Her proposal was not, however, treated seriously by the Austrian authorities. Maria Altmann was born Maria Victoria Bloch on February 18, 1916 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, the daughter of Marie Therese (née Bauer 1874–1961) and Gustav Bloch (1862–1938). However, we need to send rice-mone… Maria Altmann needs your support for Urban Colours She is noted for her ultimately successful legal campaign to reclaim from the Government of Austria five family-owned paintings by the artist Gustav Klimt which were stolen by the Nazis during World War II. Her husband died in 1994. Her father, Gustav, and his wife, Therese, along with his brother Ferdinand and Ferdinand's wife, Adele, were close to the artists of the Vienna secession of which Klimt was a founder in 1897. Traveling by way of Liverpool, England, they reached the United States and settled first in Fall River, Massachusetts, and finally in the wealthy Los Angeles neighborhood of Cheviot Hills. Under the Nazis, Fredrick was arrested in Austria and held hostage at the Dachau concentration camp to force his brother Bernhard Altmann, by then safely in England, to transfer his successful Bernhard Altmann textile factory into German hands. “SUFFERING” was the first word that came to Maria Altmann when she was asked about Aunt Adele Bloch-Bauer. When did Maria Altmann first seek to reclaim her family's paintings? He died in 1945, and his will left his estate to the three children of his brother, including Maria Altmann, who had managed to sneak her husband out of Dachau and head to America. She was an actress and writer, known for Woman in Gold (2015), Brief von Alex (2013) and Adele's Wish (2008). Maria Altmann. [2], She was a niece of Adele Bloch-Bauer, a wealthy Jewish patron of the arts who served as the model for some of Klimt's best-known paintings and who hosted a renowned Viennese salon that regularly attracted the most prominent artists of the day, including Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss, Arthur Schnitzler, Johannes Brahms, Franz Werfel, Alma Mahler, Leo Slezak, Otto Wagner, George Minne, Karl Renner, Julius Tandler, and Klimt.[1][3][4]. [1] The family name was changed to Bloch-Bauer the following year. Gustav Bloch-Bauer Mother of Karl (Charles) David Bloch-Bauer; Robert Bentley; Leopold Lionel Garrick Bentley; Maria Victoria Altmann and Baroness Luise Gutmann Sister of Raphael M Bauer; Eugen Bauer; Karl Bauer; David Ernst Bauer; Mira Bauer and 2 others; Altmann's story has been recounted in three documentary films. Maria Altmann: The Real Story Behind 'Woman in Gold' Learn about the Jewish refugee whose painting of her aunt was stolen by Nazis and inspired the … In 1999, she sought to sue the government of Austria in an Austrian court. [10][11], Altmann died on February 7, 2011 at her home in the Cheviot Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles, shortly before her 95th birthday. Among her clients was Caroline Brown Tracy, the mother of actor Spencer Tracy. The family name was changed to Bloch-Bauer the following year. Update – Maria Altmann died in 2011 at the age of 94. Maria Altmann family tree. At 90 years of age, her victory over the obstinate Austrian government seemed to give Altmann more pleasure than either the paintings, which she had disposed of so quickly, or the fortune their sale had brought her. Born Maria Viktoria Bloch-Bauer in Vienna on Feb. 18, 1916, Altmann was the youngest of five children of Therese Bauer and Gustav Bloch. Not long after their Paris honeymoon, the 1938 Anschluss incorporated Austria into Nazi Germany. "It didn't have to come to this," she said, more in sorrow than in anger. Altmann eventually settled in the … A year earlier, Adele Bloch-Bauer’s niece Maria had married Fritz Altmann, a handsome Polish-Jewish opera singer who was imprisoned at the Dachau concentration camp after … Under Austrian law, however, the filing fee for such a lawsuit is determined as a percentage of the recoverable amount. "Lauder Pays $135 Million, a Record, for a Klimt Portrait", "Maria Altmann, Pursuer of Family's Stolen Paintings, Dies at 94", "Six Klimt paintings – Maria Altmann and Austria — Centre du droit de l'art", Neue Galerie's announcement of the exhibition of all five of the works, "Maria Altmann Obituary – Maria Altmann Funeral – Legacy.com", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maria_Altmann&oldid=994467664, Jewish emigrants from Austria to the United States after the Anschluss, Burials at Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The recovery of five family-owned paintings by, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 21:33. Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer died on 13 November 1945, soon after World War II, leaving his estate to a nephew and two nieces, one of whom was Maria Altmann. After the annexation of Austria, Ferdinand rewrote his will, and in any case it is unimaginable that Adele would have held to her wishes in the face of the Holocaust. Children … The avant garde of the Austrian capital was a relatively tightly-knit group which included the composer Arnold Schoenberg. Maria Altmann, who escaped Nazi-occupied Vienna as a newlywed and returned to wage a triumphant fight to recover Gustav Klimt’s iconic gold portrait of … March 2020 Yes the Lama House Project is on Hold until further notice. Early life. Her life story and battle to reclaim the family Klimt collection is recounted in the book The Lady in Gold, the Extraordinary Tale of Gustav Klimt's Masterpiece, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer, by Anne-Marie O'Connor. In November 2006, Adele Bloch-Bauer II (1912) was sold at auction at Christie's in New York fetching almost $88 million. They escaped to Liverpool via the Netherlands in 1938. The paintings were estimated to be collectively worth at least $150 million when returned. The painting Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907) was sold to cosmetics heir Ronald Lauder for $135 million, at the time the highest sum ever paid for a painting. The film also stars Ryan Reynolds as E. Randol Schoenberg. In 1937 she married Fritz Altmann, an opera singer, and the couple lived in Berlin. The Rape of Europa, a documentary about the Nazi plunder, also included material about Altmann. Maria Altmann was born Maria Victoria Bloch on February 18, 1916 in Vienna, Austria, the daughter of Marie Therese (née Bauer 1874-1961) and Gustav Bloch. The paintings left Austria in March 2006 and were on display at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art until June 30, 2006. Altmann was not old enough at the time to remember Klimt's visits. Shortly after Maria arrived in Los Angeles, Bernhard Altmann mailed her a cashmere sweater – not yet available in the United States – accompanied with the note: "See what you can do with this." [12], Altmann is portrayed by Helen Mirren and Tatiana Maslany in the 2015 film Woman in Gold, chronicling Altmann's nearly decade-long struggle to recover the Klimt paintings. ", The supreme irony is that when Klimt painted his so-called golden portrait of Adele, his style had hardened into a crass ersatz modernism, so the price it fetched for Altmann makes it the most expensive postcard in the world. Maria Altmann was an Austrian-American Jewish refugee who escaped Nazi occupied Austria and took refuge in America where she later became a naturalized citizen. Photograph: Ann Johansson/Corbis. The case, Republic of Austria v. Altmann, ended up in the Supreme Court of the United States, which ruled in 2004 that Austria was not immune from such a lawsuit. 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