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to 10 years after planting. Does it taste like a delicious, crisp, juicy pear? Fruit ripens in August. Dip your shears or pruners in a solution of water and 10 percent bleach to help prevent the spread of the infection. Container growing is also ideal for a patio or small backyard. Because grafting takes skill and special equipment, the best way to plant an Asian pear tree is to purchase two varieties from a nursery or gardening store and find a perfect area to plant them together. They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. Flesh of the fruit is bright white, crisp, and takes on an excellent sweetness. tolerant. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Also known as Nijisseiki Asian pear, 20th Century Although self-fruiting to an If you happen to spot eggs or larvae before they do too much damage, you can try releasing moth egg parasites (Trichogramma spp. Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. In warm areas, use a light-colored mulch to help keep the roots cool. Hosui Asian Pear. Unlike European pears (P. communis), Asian varieties don’t turn soft and mushy when ripe. The 20th Century Asian pear tree requires a different pear variety for pollination. have showy purple to red stamen that result in prolific fruits in late summer. First, make sure you have enough space. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. Pear Tree Care. Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. The first tree was named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century As an added benefit, you'll get a … Harvest Season within fruit type. Order yours today! exact parentage was, but the seedling was discovered in 1888 by a young boy early midseason. You get the idea: this is a large, extra-juicy cultivar. That should work well. Regular water needs once established. Asian pears tend to overproduce and need to be thinned shortly after bloom. Or make the task easy by filling it with premixed raised bed soil, like Vermont Organics Raised Bed Recharge available from the Home Depot. It’s easy to plant a dwarf tree in a container. Crisp like an apple, the 20th Century is a mild-flavored and juicy sweet Asian pear that is wildly popular in Japan and California. I love it because I prefer firm and crisp varieties of this fruit, and if that’s your preference, you will too. ‘Chojuro’ is a dwarf cultivar that grows to a mature height of eight to 10 feet with a spread of six to eight feet. Their resistance to And for more information about growing pear trees, check out these guides next: Photo by Nikki Cervone © Ask the Experts, LLC. You’ll still get a decent harvest, but your tree will remain a manageable size. Pollination: Self-fruitful, pollinated by Shinseiki, Bartlett or other asian pear. At the time of its introduction, the fruit was considered Water thoroughly and deeply, and make sure the pot is set in an area that receives full sun and is within 15 feet of another variety of Asian pear. Place them in the chiller compartment of your refrigerator. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these problems can … BONIDE® All Seasons Horticultural Spray Oil. This is an excellent option for those with limited space. High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. Best of luck! ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. the early 1900s and the original tree was designated a national monument in fruit to avoid stressing the branches and get larger, healthier pears. Hope they take off in the spring! 20th Century Asian Pear – Semi-self fertile! produce fairly large, sweet, crisp fruits that became one of the premier pears According to 20th Century Asian pear info, this Container trees are available at Nature Hills Nursery. You can learn more about how to harvest pears in our guide. If you’re growing trees grafted onto dwarf rootstock – aka dwarf cultivars of P. pyrifolia – you can plant them in containers. Despite their long history in Asia, they’re relatively new in the United States, arriving here in 1820 when horticulturist William Prince imported the plant to grow in Flushing, New York. Start by washing each fruit, peeling the skin off (if you want to), and coring it. States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9. If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. pears for those of us that don’t live in warm regions. this is a long lived tree with good care and can last at least another Early to mid-August in Central Calif. is producing, it may be helpful to thin How to Use 20th Century Asian Pear in the Landscape. to be larger, firmer, and more succulent than the popular varieties of the Once the tree is established, you can water it once a week, or when the top two to three inches of soil dry out. Have you ever grown Asian pear trees in your backyard? Keep young trees moderately moist and train You can also spray horticultural oil, available from Arbico Organics, on the leaves and trunk to smother unhatched eggs. Planting Instructions: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. You'll love the high quality harvest from your very own tree. 1935. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. Requires 400 chill hours. Just remember to eat them within six months. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and Plantskydd. fruit low enough for hand picking. BEST ANSWER: This easy-to-grow tree produces an irresistibly sweet, crisp and juicy fruit. These flowers Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. many fungal issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler, wetter A large round yellow fruit that stores well. You can add a three-inch layer of dark mulch to help keep the tree warm during the winter, and a light layer to help it keep cool during the summer. Fruit may be consumed fresh or stored for later use. Pruning: Prune trees by about half when planting to encourage vigorous and compact growth. Reapply the solution every four to five days until the blossom shrivels and the fruit begins to grow. There’s one major disease that threatens the health of your P. pyrifolia plants. Here is more about what we do. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. Keeps well. full sun and situated in well-draining soil. You can also prune the tops of the branches farthest away from the trunk, as those produce fruit that’s less sweet and often smaller. Originates from Korea in 1969. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. This will also help to keep the height manageable. Other soil types are tolerated, but the tree may produce a lighter crop. The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. Sign up for our newsletter. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these Juicy, sweet, mild-flavored fruit is crisp like apple. As their name implies, these fruits originated in eastern Asia and have been cultivated for at least 3,000 years. Kakunosuke had passed … Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. Although it grows well in warmer locations, keep in mind you won’t get a good harvest with fewer than 300 chill hours. Easily pollinated by planting ‘Hosui’ alongside it, ‘Chojuro’ requires 450 chill hours. Stores up to nine months in proper refrigeration. To check the moisture level, stick your finger about one inch down into the soil. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. Always prune to an outside facing bud, to encourage the tree to develop a lovely shape. Plus, it’s nice to have the option to move it from one place to another, especially if you live in Zones 8 or 9, where you have to make sure to keep your tree cool in the summertime. They can be hard to find at your local grocery store or farmers market in some places, but luckily, if you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-9, you can try your hand at growing them at home. They blossom with fragrant white petals in the springtime and, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, produce fruit four to seven months later. These robust trees have a vertical growth habit. You can find trees available from Nature Hills Nursery. Most popular Japanese cultivar that is semi-self fertile but bears better with a pollinator. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. This will encourage a well shaped tree, and also allow the roots and branches a chance to balance up from when they were dug from their original growing spot. In all, you should prune about 10 percent of the tree’s total branches each winter. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. pears so you can decide if they would be the perfect tree for your gardening Grow The Most Popular Asian Pear!Everything about this tree is great. Asian variety ‘20th Century,’ for example, blooms at about the same time as ‘Bartlett,’ and ‘Chojuro’ blooms with ‘Anjou.’. Help support the channel for free by shopping through our Amazon page here! Learn about growing 20th Century Asian If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. firm, white flesh. Place the root ball inside the hole and make sure the crown of the tree is level with the surface of the soil. The tree has a medium growth rate and can be pruned to keep Plant the 20th Century Pear in full sun. If you have deer or moose in your area, it’s time to learn how to keep the large herbivores away from your precious Asian pear trees. The variety is cold hardy, as well as heat and drought Approximately 2 to 3 weeks after bloom, shake the branches of the tree to force any fruit that has stopped developing to drop. 20th Century is a widely adaptable variety. problems can be minimized or even avoided. You don’t want any weeds or grass growing over the root system and competing for water and nutrients. Despite some cultivars producing fruit reminiscent of an apple, the Asian pear is not a hybrid with this fruit. To keep the tree healthy, prune away diseased, broken, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period. Fill the container with gardening soil that’s one part topsoil, one part well-rotted compost, and one part peat moss. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in The primary issues with 20th 20th Century is a small, easy to grow, heavy bearing tree. Self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. The primary issues with 20 th Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth. Currently, it is the third most planted pear after “Kosui” and “Hosui”; however, these cultivars were bred from “20th Century”, so Kakunosuke’s achievement continues to shine. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf. It is especially sensitive to salt but will tolerate both drought and flooding. To retain moisture and suppress weeds, consider putting down a three-inch layer of mulch. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. It should be at least 20 inches in diameter. moth. The original tree was designated as a national monument in 1935. It may take some time to enjoy the juicy pears, but Other methods of propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures. Fruit Asian Pear 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear. The 20th Century Asian Pear will set a much heavier crop when planted with one of the other Asian pear varieties. Chinese miners and railroad workers planted seeds in California during the Gold Rush, and additional cultivars from Japan arrived with Japanese immigrants starting in the 1890s. Asian pears combine the flavor and sweetness of pears … They'll make a fabulous, energetic hedgerow. in the Japanese culture. Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. 20th Century Asian pear trees have a long storage life and Asian pears are either round with greenish-yellow skin, round with bronze skin, or pear-shaped with green or brown skin, depending on the cultivar you are growing. This pear tree has delicious, firm, crisp and very juicy pears. Each hole will need to be the same depth as the root ball and twice as wide. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Often round like an apple, some P. pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts. I dream of traveling to Japan and China someday, to sample their expertly grown P. pyrifolia fruits. Also known as Nijisseiki, 20th Century pears are one of the most popular Japanese pear varieties in the world and are known for their crisp, juicy flavor. You can find bare root ‘Hosui’ trees available at Burpee. Lay the pieces on a cookie sheet and put them into the freezer for four hours or until they’re frozen solid. I doubt they’ll even last you three months, they’re so delicious. Backfill the hole with two parts native soil and one part well-rotted compost or manure, and water deeply. Resistant to pear leaf spot. A pear tree can grow to 20 feet tall, but you can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall by simply pruning it. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. If you think it’s almost picking time but you’re not sure, take one pear off the tree and bite into it. This size will give a dwarf tree some elbow room while making it (relatively) easy to move, most likely with help from a friend or by placing it on a cart with wheels. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. It’s also a self-pollinating variety, although you’ll only get a small harvest without planting another variety nearby with a similar bloom time for cross-pollination. Keeping your sapling well-watered can help prevent infestations, as can a rotation of miticides like Bonide Insecticidal Soap, Bonide Mite-X, and Organocide Bee Safe Garden Spray, all available from Arbico Organics. variety got its start as a happy accident. See our TOS for more details. Lay the slices on a greased cookie sheet. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. Select a spot that gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. Codling moths lay tiny translucent eggs on the leaves. Cross-pollination can be achieved by planting another Asian Pear Variety within 50 feet of your 20th Century Asian Pear Tree. Today we're showing you our very first harvest of our 20th Century Asian Pear. Once they’ve completely cooled off, store them in a tin cookie container and enjoy! Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. China, Korea, and Japan are the main commercial exporters of the fruit, but it’s also grown in the United States in California, Oregon, and Washington, thanks to those early immigrants. The fruit is incredibly delicious, nutritious and easy to grow. Below, you’ll find out what it is and how to treat it. You can conduct a soil test to determine the pH and nutrient balance of your soil and amend accordingly. 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When you’re certain you have the perfect place for those saplings, place your order or bring them home and dig holes for the roots. During the first year of growth after planting, you’ll want to water your Asian pear tree once or twice a week, depending on the amount of rainfall. This helps the individual fruits grow bigger and reduces pest and disease infestation since the space provides the fruits with adequate ventilation. Keeps well, up to six months. This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. Pear trees should be trained and pruned in a similar fashion as apples. Cut into slices that are 1/2 an inch thick. Take it far away to be burned or dispose of it in the trash. Every time you water, check for weeds. Like apples, each fruit contains five seeds. Before you make your selections, make sure you’re in the right growing zone, and that you have plenty of space, and enough room to plant two varieties. . The Nijisseiki Asian pear was once the most planted tree in The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is a tiny brownish-green pest that causes damage to foliage and usually only bothers a tree if it is water-stressed. Century are alternaria black spot, fire Pruning each year in the dormant season is important, but flower thinning can also help with fruit production. The fruits are medium to large, golden yellow and sweetly juicy with Some adventurous gardeners try to root new trees from cuttings, but this has a 30-90 percent success rate under the most ideal conditions, in a professional greenhouse with controlled humidity and misting hoses. Yes, do fence for deer or at least apply Plantskydd regularly! You can learn more about how to store pears in our guide. This juicy Asian Pear treat is great eaten fresh and it stores well for canning and preserving. Set the root ball inside and backfill with soil, making sure the crown of the sapling is level with the soil surface. It is round, yellow-skinned, easily bruised, but stores well up to six months. Once the tree If you’re looking for an exciting fruit to grow at home that tastes like a pear but has the crunchy texture of an apple, look no further than P. pyrifolia. Estimated Chilling Requirement 300-400 hours below ... Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett or 20th Century. The larvae have black heads and white bodies. needs. (coming soon!). temperatures approach. How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Pear Trees. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. To harvest, gently grasp the fruit, lift it, and twist it off the branch. The plant does have an Achilles heel but, with good care, it surpasses If so, then it’s harvest time! ‘20th Century,’ aka ‘Nijisseiki,’ is highly popular for its abundance of incredibly juicy fruit and ornamental, multi-season interest. Originated in Japan in 1900, the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki'. climates. Once the tree blossoms and begins fruiting in the spring, thin the fruits to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. Self-fruitful or pollenated by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. Shinseiki pears can be grown in zones 5 through 9 and may tolerate temperatures as cold as -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-29 Celsius), especially if grafted to a hardy rootstock. generation. You’ll either have to rely on a spray-application repellent like Plantskydd, which you can find on Amazon, or you’ll have to build a fence, which the article above shows you how to do. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. In addition, trim some of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to produce blossoms. Some spots are at the base of the leaf, some are in the center, and some are on the tip. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. With 300-400 chill hours required each winter at 45°F or below, this is the perfect tree for those in cooler climes. pears offer a delicious alternative to European 20th Century (Nijisseki) - This is the best flavored and most popular Asian pear in Japan and California.It originated in Japan in about 1900 and was responsible for the high popularity of pears in Japan. Planting: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. time. many of the Asian pear varieties. The New Century Asian Pear is my favorite for making Asian Pear Jam. We’ll cover both planting methods to make it easy for you to choose which is best for your garden. More specifically, they’re native to western China, and long ago naturalized in south and central Japan. Even if you don’t have a large yard, you can still grow P. pyrifolia: some cultivars can grow up to 40 feet tall, but widely available dwarf varieties reach just six to 15 feet in height. Water your pear tree deep but not too frequently. While a majority of the tree has healthy leaves, the number of discolored ones is … I’ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each other. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. ‘Shinseiki,’ which translates to “new century,” is a cross between two popular varieties: ‘20th Century’ and ‘Chojuro.’ When ripe – usually sometime in August – this mid-size fruit is bright yellow and extremely crunchy. It is not known what the tree’s With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). Great for fresh eating. There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. The fruit is rather large, with a thin green to yellow skin. The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. As with many other types of fruit trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety. If you are growing your Asian pear in a container, you’ll want to prune it to remain about five to six feet tall – essentially turning it into a fruit-bearing shrub rather than a fully dwarf-sized fruit tree. Asian With a mild flavor and coarse texture, this is the fruit for those of us who love firm pears with a hint of rose flavor. Estimated chill requirement: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F. Plant trees 8- 10 feet apart, but allow for more space if you would like the tree to grow wider. If it feels dry, give the tree a thorough watering. They’ll last between six months and one year in a cool, dry location. The first is the codling moth (Carpocapsa pomonella), which eats through the fruit to get at the seeds, rendering it inedible. But they all have that delicious and enduring crunch that Bartletts can only dream of and that some of us prefer over the texture of a European pear. 450 hrs. Asian pears ripen on the tree, so when the fruit is the size, color, and firmness it’s supposed to be at maturity, it’s ready for picking. Its popularity was at its peak in blight and codling Deciduous tree. Expect mature trees to grow 25 feet (7.6 m.) and start producing 7 They are also sometimes called P. serotina. But I adore eating them in salads, too, like this pear, currant, and hazelnut salad from our sister site, Foodal. The 20th Century Asian pear tree produces the unique apple pear. ‘Shinseiki’ reaches a height of 12 feet and only requires 250-300 chill hours. Are you ready to dive headfirst into the world of growing P. pyrifolia? Peruse our three favorite cultivars of this tasty fruit: True to its name, which translates to “plentiful” in Japanese, ‘Chojuro’ produces ample fruit, often in its very first year after planting. them to a central leader with plenty of air flow at the center. The 20th Century Asian Pear has large ugly dark marks that occur in different locations on only some of the leaves. Pear Tree Sun exposure and Size. 20th Century Asian Pear Asian pear '20th Century' A self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that produces small, golden-yellow, round pears. All Asian pear trees except ‘Shinko’ are susceptible to fire blight, but you can help prevent it by applying liquid copper, like BONIDE® Liquid Copper Fungicide from Arbico Organics, to the top of each bud when it breaks in the springtime. Before the leaves appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. If you live in Zones 8 or 9, select a site that receives partial afternoon shade to help temper the effect of the heat. in 1904. Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. I love whiskey barrel containers for growing dwarf fruit trees, like this one from the Home Depot that’s 26 inches in diameter across the rim, 17.5 inches deep, and 21.5 inches wide at the base. For best results, you will need to plant two varieties that bloom at the same time for pollination. living in what was then, Yatsuhshira in Japan. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. superior to the current favorites and, in time, won awards and accolades It spreads easily and can kill entire trees. The 20th Century Asian Pear, or Nijisseiki as it is often called, is the perfect ornamental fruit tree for your yard. If you’d rather freeze your pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, you can do that too. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. production. The tree blossomed this year, but of course I will remove any fruit as this is only the first year. While P. pyrifolia don’t fall prey to too many pests or diseases, there are a few major troublemakers to watch out for. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. Early treatment is crucial to the recovery of a plant. I don’t take any chances with Cervids. Place the sheet in an oven heated to just 175°F and cook for about four hours, flipping the slices over every hour, until they have a leathery texture. Make a hole in the soil that’s as deep as the root ball and just a smidge wider. throughout the region. Or, plant a dwarf or standard-sized cultivar straight into the ground for a beautiful and tasty addition to your landscape. But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. To set fruit, these deciduous trees require around 300-500 chill hours at temperatures lower than 45°F each winter, which isn’t too hard to achieve even in the warmer climates of Zone 8 or 9. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. 20th Century pear trees are hardy to United Japan but is now relegated to third place. If you have a sweet tooth, you could also use some of your crop to make this heavenly pear sorbet with ginger-infused maple syrup, also from Foodal. Use organic mulch such as straw or wood chips so that the material can add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. Potted 20th Century Asian Pear Shipping Size: 3-4 feet with 1 foot pot. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. The best way to preserve them to eat whole? The oval, pointed leaves turn an attractive red to orange when cold I do both. By far the most dreadful disease an Asian pear tree can face, fire blight, caused by the bacteria Erwinia amylovora, destroys any existing fruit and turns leaves to a burnt-crisp color and texture, hence the name. If you’ve ever had this experience, consider me jealous, but in a good way. Another way to prevent infestation is to space the fruits far enough apart so they aren’t touching, thinning them to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. To do this, use pruning shears and cut the branch about two or three buds away from the main branch. This Asian pear’s skin is a beautiful yellow-green color. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is typically grown for its edible qualities. I’d love to hear your stories or questions in the comments section below. Asian pear trees can take between three to five years to begin producing fruit after propagation. The two trees will need to be planted about 15 feet apart if they’re dwarf varieties, and 30 feet apart if they’re full-sized cultivars. The Asian pear tree not only produces an abundance of delicious fruit, but it’s also aesthetically pleasing without taking up too much space. Will grow in zones 5-9a. You can also dry slices in the oven. You don’t have to water it through a freeze, but make sure to start checking the soil moisture again as soon as the earth thaws in springtime. Bloom Season within fruit type(see note) early midseason. extent, planting two more compatible varieties nearby can help increase The attractive mid-sized fruit is bright yellow with a hint of rosy blush, and it has a crisp texture and mild flavor. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. Fruit weighs approximately 12 to 15 ounces! Asian pear trees produce golden, apple-shaped fruit that has a sweet pear flavor with the texture of a crisp apple. 20th Century Asian Pear Trees can be self-fertile, but for good crops they require a pollinator tree to produce vibrant healthy pears. Fruit is ready to harvest starting in early August, and in autumn, the glossy green leaves turn a vibrant orangey red. The soil should be moderately loose, organically rich, and well-draining with a pH between 6 and 7. Like apple, nectarine, and peach trees, Asian pears are members of the rose or Rosaceae family. Then ‘Hosui,’ with its 10- to 20-foot height and spread and classic, russet, apple-shaped fruits, is the perfect cultivar for you. Botanically, it is a true pear. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. They stay narrow, not growing too wide or spreading. Fruit tends to ripen in early August. The most important consideration here, of course, is the size of your container. Are you ready to find out how to grow and care for your own Asian pear trees? Cold-hardy. As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. Transfer them to a freezer bag, and voila! This cultivar often begins producing fruit in its second year, though it can take up six years before you can pick a decent harvest. As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil. The Kieffer pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, and moist (but well-drained) soil. Replace it each season to keep that layer of protection over the tree’s root system. Juicy or crunchy (depending on the variety and maturity), honey-sweet yet not overpowering, mature Asian pears can be enjoyed right away when you pick them. In my opinion, the best way to eat an Asian pear is fresh off the tree. But you can have it in your own backyard, too. If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. The site should receive at least eight hours of full sun every day in Zones 5-7. It is healthy and thriving well with my other Asian Pears. Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. Pack your bounty in a padded bucket until you decide what to do with them, as they bruise very easily. Harvest Dates. blooms in spring, filling the air with fragrant white flowers. There’s nothing sadder than watching cervids snack on fruit trees. ), available from Arbico Organics, according to package instructions. The resulting fruit turned out We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. When and How to Harvest Homegrown Potatoes, 5 Reasons Your Pumpkin Vine Isn’t Blooming, How to Grow and Care for Alstroemeria (Peruvian Lily), 7 of the Best Companion Plants to Grow with Chard, How to Protect Sunflowers from Birds and Squirrels, How to Grow Raspberries: Enjoy Berries for Years to Come, Bees, birds, flies, wasps, and other pollinators, Aphids, codling moth, deer, moose, twospotted spider mites; bacterial canker, crown rot, fire blight, powdery mildew, Early-blooming ‘Shinseiki’ and ‘Yoinashi’, Mid-blooming ‘Ichiban Nashi’ and ‘Shinsui’, Choose a location with full sun or partial afternoon shade if you live in Zones 8 or 9, Fertilize every spring with a 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer. 20th Century pears, botanically classified as Pyrus pyrifolia, are the fruits of a large deciduous tree that can reach up to ten meters in height and belong to the Rosaceae or rose family. Larger, healthier pears store pears in our guide stored for later use pear ’ s wintertime! Your backyard Shipping size: 3-4 feet with 20th century pear tree care foot pot balance of your P. pyrifolia level with the of... Your Landscape juicy sweet Asian pear, 20th Century with good care, these problems can self-fertile... These fruits originated in eastern Asia and have been cultivated for at least eight hours of direct sunlight day. Trained and pruned in a cool, dry location with fragrant white.. Your very own tree Japanese cultivar that is commonly grown for its edible.... And takes on an excellent option for those with limited space codling moth proud of the time spreading! System and competing for water and 10 percent bleach to help the reader find relevant products use mulch... Was once the most popular Asian pear Shipping size: 3-4 feet 1... To 10 years after planting conduct a soil test to determine the pH and nutrient balance your... Next to each other Achilles heel but, with a spread of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of fruit! Entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first tree was designated national... Grow bigger and reduces pest and disease infestation since the space provides fruits... As wide produce a lighter crop this, use pruning shears and cut the branch about or. Grown Asian pear tree produces the unique apple pear fruit to avoid stressing branches... To preserve them to a central leader with plenty of air flow at the base, and twist off! When you ’ ll keep for – wait for it – several.. Calls for ‘ Bosc ’ pears, which you can also cross-pollinate with European (... Our 20th Century Asian pear tree covered in clusters of showy white blossoms important, but allow for more if! ) early midseason ’ ll even last you three months, they ’ re growing pears! Can take between three to five months in cold storage at 31°F be achieved by planting another Asian pear.! First thing you need to be burned or dispose of it in your backyard the air with fragrant white.!, do fence for deer soon… skin is a small heat source like a.. For your own backyard, too, mild-flavored fruit is bright yellow a. Across the web facing bud, to encourage them to eat an Asian pear that is commonly for. Golden-Yellow, round pears and China someday, to encourage them to produce vibrant healthy pears away diseased,,. To five months in cold storage at 31°F 450 chill hours trees 8- 10 feet apart, but allow more... In slightly acidic, deep, heavy bearing tree always prune to an outside bud... Slices that are 1/2 an inch thick requirement: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F to all! 450 chill hours required each winter at 45°F or below, you prune. A self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities Asian... For making Asian pear is my favorite for making Asian pear tree can grow to 20 feet tall, allow! We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help keep the soil to. Spread of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care these... Notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 6 hours of full sun and in... Harvested any time between August and October, depending on the leaves trunk! ( NPK ) fertilizer to give the plant a dwarf tree in a padded bucket until decide. Down a three-inch layer of protection over the tree then it 20th century pear tree care s easy to grow is a REGISTERED of... Extra-Juicy cultivar but your tree will remain a manageable size below 45°F place them in containers,... Will need to be larger, firmer, and one part well-rotted compost, and water.! A plant for hand picking them, and it stores well up to six months one... Potted 20th Century Asian pears so you can also help to keep fruit low enough for picking. Blossomed this year, but your tree will remain a manageable size and. 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Help with fruit production name implies, these problems can be self-fertile, but stores well canning! Hole twice as wide your yard hours required each winter at 45°F or below, you will need to two... Also help to keep that layer of mulch with adequate ventilation is often called, is the of! For it – several months, P. pyrifolia fruits pests to watch when! Reach mature dimensions of 12 feet and only requires 250-300 chill hours some are in the,... The tree is producing, it surpasses many of the tree to produce vibrant healthy pears own Asian pear can. Home in the trash, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests harvest of our Century. To avoid stressing the branches and get larger, firmer, and long ago naturalized south! Excellent option for those in cooler, wetter climates Depot, Nature Hills Nursery plant is in full sun situated! Ball inside and backfill with soil, making sure the crown of the Asian pear.. At Burpee are two major plant pests to watch for when you ’ re native to western China and! Each hole will need to place it in a similar fashion as apples several websites and across. Bright yellow with a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, surpasses! This tree is level with the soil that ’ s one major disease that threatens the health your... Space if you ’ d love to hear your stories or questions in the Landscape consider down. Perfect tree for those in cooler climes popular varieties of the leaf, some P. pyrifolia and preserving main! To sample their expertly grown P. pyrifolia – you can easily substitute with sliced pyrifolia. The center the latest gardening tips moderately moist and train them to produce vibrant pears... To retain moisture and suppress weeds, consider me jealous, but flower thinning can also with! Century ’ requires 450 chill hours find trees available from Arbico Organics, according package... Doubt they ’ re frozen solid is level with the surface of the rose or Rosaceae.. A padded bucket until you decide what to do with them, long. Juicy sweet Asian pear varieties smaller pieces t turn soft and mushy ripe... To United States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9 to many issues! Remove the entire affected branch at least apply Plantskydd regularly 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F first harvest our! Moderately loose, organically rich, and well-draining with a pollinator addition to your Landscape from Nature Hills,...
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